A Journey Through Alexandria’s Rich Culture and History

The Birthplace of Cleopatra

Alexandria, located on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, is a city full of history and culture. The city’s ancient history dates back to the 3rd century BC when it was founded by the Greek conqueror Alexander the Great. The city became famous as the birthplace of Cleopatra, the last pharaoh of Egypt, who was renowned for her beauty, intelligence, and political acumen. Despite the many years that have passed since then, the city still carries the remnants of its glorious past.

A Journey Through Alexandria's Rich Culture and History 1

The Great Library of Alexandria

One of the most significant achievements of Alexandria’s ancient past was the creation of the Great Library of Alexandria. Built in the 3rd century BC, it was the largest library of the ancient world, containing over 700,000 scrolls of important texts in various languages. The library was renowned as a center of learning and scholarship, attracting some of the greatest minds of the time. Destroyed in a fire, the library’s legacy was one of the world’s great cultural tragedies. However, the modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, built on the same site, has revived the spirit of this revered institution and exhibits exhibits the spirit of innovation and knowledge dissemination that exemplifies the ancient greatness of the city.

Umm Kulthum

Alexandria has played a vital role in modern Arab cultural history. The city was home to Umm Kulthum, one of the most famous Arab singers of all time. Umm Kulthum was born in the village of Tamay ez-Zahayra in the Nile Delta; however, her family migrated to Alexandria when she was a child. In Alexandria, she began her career singing in small venues, performing in front of audiences who would come to hear her famous voice. She rose to international fame in the early 1930s, performing across the Arab world and in Europe. Her songs remain popular to this day and continue to inspire musicians and artists around the world.

The Citadel of Qaitbay

The Citadel of Qaitbay is one of Alexandria’s most famous landmarks. Built in the 1480s, it served as a fort to defend the city from invaders. When the fort was built, it was constructed on the site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, making the structure a significant artifact that embodies the city’s history. The citadel is a beautiful example of medieval Mamluk architecture and provides unique views of the Mediterranean Sea from its walls.

The Mediterranean Sea

Alexandria’s strategic location on the Mediterranean coast has meant that the sea has played an essential role in the city’s history and culture. The sea has been the source of food, trade, and transportation for local Alexandrians for thousands of years. The city’s famous fishing industry has served the local community and provided employment opportunities for the local people. In addition, the city’s proximity to the sea has inspired artists, authors, and poets for centuries, who have been profoundly influenced by its beauty and power. Wish to know more about the topic? Click to read more on this subject, we suggest it as a great addition to your reading to enhance your understanding.


Alexandria’s rich culture and history provide a unique window into the world of the ancient and modern Mediterranean. From the Great Library of Alexandria to Umm Kulthum, and from the Citadel of Qaitbay to the Mediterranean Sea, the city offers a wealth of experiences that illustrate its vibrant past and present. Alexandria is a city that has been redefined throughout history, and as it continues to evolve, it maintains its foundational uniqueness and its impact on the world. Anyone who enjoys travel and cultural experiences will appreciate the many opportunities Alexandria has to offer.

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